Torticollis is a tightness of the neck muscles, that results in abnormal posture and movement patterns. Often developed in utero, infants with torticollis also have plagiocephaly (flat spot on head). Our skilled Physical Therapists provide services to improve neck mobility, strengthen cervical muscles, and strengthen the postural muscles that affect gross motor development. With early detection and treatment, most children with torticollis recover with no long-term effects.
Physical therapy helps to prevent a permanent shortening of the involved muscle, decrease head and neck pain, prevent secondary concerns such as delayed developmental motor skills and plagiocephaly (abnormal head shape), and avoid the need for surgery.
Evaluation and treatment
A physical therapist will perform an evaluation to assess your child’s passive range of motion, active range of motion, muscle tightness, muscle strength and gross motor skills. The physical therapist will also check for other conditions that can occur in children with torticollis, such as plagiocephaly, hip dysplasia (misalignment of the hip joint), and spine problems.
The therapist will discuss the results of your child’s evaluation with you and make recommendations for physical therapy treatment as needed. The therapist also will teach you stretching and positioning exercises that you will do at home daily with your child.